ADD/ADHD

Attention Deficit Disorder or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a chronic condition where a person exhibits persistent signs of inattention, hyperactivity and often impulsivity. While it commonly is diagnosed in childhood (11% of 4-17 year olds), many adults (4-5% of the population over 18) continue to have symptoms but often don’t get treatment. ADHD is categorized as a neurodevelopmental brain disorder as listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) and is the most frequently diagnosed mental disorder in children.

What ADD/ADHD looks like in children:

Inattention

  • Difficulty maintaining focus
  • Doesn’t complete a task
  • Gives up more quickly
  • Often loses things such as school papers, books, shoes etc.
  • Forgets about daily tasks or has difficulty organizing those tasks

Hyperactivity

  • Restlessness
  • Pressure to keep moving even when not appropriate
  • Excessive talking, tapping or fidgeting
  • Inability to play quietly
  • Has trouble waiting his or her turn

Impulsivity

  • Hasty actions without thinking them through
  • Inability to delay gratification
  • Socially intrusive – excessively interrupting others

Inattention is a hallmark sign of ADD in girls, whereas boys tend to show hyperactive symptoms and may be more disruptive in the classroom.  ADD may go undiagnosed in girls simply because they are not causing problems for others.

What ADD/ADHD looks like in adults:

  • Procrastination
  • Easily frustrated
  • Trouble staying organized
  • Often being late
  • Impulsiveness
  • Substance misuse/addiction
  • Easily and often bored
  • Mood swings

Treatment Options

Neurofeedback

The executive functions of individuals with ADD are affected by slow electrical patterns (Theta waves) in the brain. The individual can be trained through neurofeedback to decrease Theta waves which improves focus and attention.

Individuals with ADHD (hyperactive type) may show dysregulation in fast electrical patterns (High Beta). Neurofeedback can be used to train the brain to decrease High Beta. Once High Beta is more regulated, individuals report feeling less anxious, calmer and more in control of their urges and emotions.

Counseling

For ADD/ADHD in children, Bloomington Neurofeedback will work with outside providers and help coordinate care.

For older teenagers (16 +) and adults, Bloomington Neurofeedback can provide adjunct counseling and practice utilizing executive functioning strategies. 

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